The Lugana, as the journalist Zeffiro Bocci wrote sharply, is a "two-faced" area, in the sense that it has a double regional membership: on the one hand it is in fact Lombard, but on the other it is also Venetian.
It is not just a matter of local accents or political-territorial divisions: there is also a curious balance of forces in the field. The Lombard part of the denomination sees a quantitative predominance both in terms of municipalities (as many as four in five - Desenzano, Sirmione, Pozzolengo and Lonato - fall in fact in the province of Brescia) and in terms of hectares of vineyards (750 of the current 1000 are cultivated in Bresciano), but the Veneto one, which includes the only municipality of Peschiera del Garda, holds the record for commercial volume, given that 60% of bottled (about 9 million pieces per year) is managed by Verona producers.
The peculiarity is that all the municipalities of Lugana fall under the diocese of Verona: the Veronese bishop also has jurisdiction over the parishes of Brescia, Desenzano, Sirmione, Pozzolengo and Lonato.
Beyond the municipal topography, however, from the point of view of winemaking the territory of Lugana is divided substantially into two areas.
The first, wider, that of the most coriaceous clays, is flat in nature and extends horizontally along the hinterland between Desenzano, Sirmione, a part of the municipality of Pozzolengo and Peschiera. This is the beating heart of the denomination, which between Rovizza and Lugana, subdivisions of the most "lacustrine" and mineral Lugana style, finds its historical and elective areas, even if over time the extension of the vineyard has had to reckon with the needs of the brick for the tourism business.
In the Venetian part of Lugana, the easternmost one, there is as mentioned the reference of a single municipality, Peschiera del Garda, which however includes within it one of the most interesting subzones, that of San Benedetto di Lugana, real "cru "Of the denomination.
The second area, of a more hilly nature, stretches from the famous Monumental Tower of San Martino della Battaglia along a dual route: on one side towards Pozzolengo and on the other towards Lonato. Here the clays become more sandy; the most undulating and gentle reliefs, with altitudes that do not exceed 130 meters; the most morenic land (especially towards Lonato), with a good presence of gravelly elements; wines less mineral, more acidic and voluminous.